Against my better judgement, I am going to write about physics. I’m terrible with videos, can’t edit the words 10x after saying them, so I have to write about it. It seems that some people may be paying attention after all, but I must make the disclaimer that I really don’t know anything about math and physics. However, I consumed an inordinate amount of science communication on the internet and I write science fiction, so I’m more than qualified to wildly speculate about the structure of the universe.
When I was a kid I wanted to become a physicist but due to unforeseeable consequences of the movement of the heavens, that was not to be, so, these ideas, if useful are better in the hands of someone who can do anything with them. If you find this useful or at least entertaining send a donation between $1 and 3x Nobel Prizes to Paypal Address: firstname.lastname@example.org (you can also send jokes and recipes, among other things, not necessarily by that order)
About 10 years ago I started reading more about physics and at the time I thought that pilot-wave theory seemed like an obvious solution to the EPR paradox that avoids all the craziness of the normal quantum mechanics interpretation and it seemed like this would allow the existence of a fractal spacetime and a dynamic equilibrium in entropy, although that probably steps on Relativity’s toes (more on that later).
In short, in PWT, or de Broglie-Bohm Theory, the wavefunction of a system is a physical entity. So when you send a particle through the double slit experiment, it just has to follow the wavefunction and because it’s a wave and its configuration is given by every surrounding matter and energy (possibly the whole universe), it’s only natural that the particle follows an interference pattern, exhibits entanglement and is influenced by the measurement devices.
Now, this has a huge problem of boundary (more on that later) and it’s not very useful for any experimental physicist. If I’m not mistaken, a consequence of such an universe is that it is entirely deterministic, but as we all know, there are systems that are deterministic but are not pre-determined.
I’m not going to go into the free will thing, I’m a compatibilist so it’s not a problem and it’s not destroying the whole of human science or anything. So I’m going to skip towards fractal cosmology.
What I’m talking about are certain dynamic chaotic systems, these are mathematical systems that are iterated, the solutions to the equations are fed back into themselves to calculate the next iteration and some of them veer off into unpredictable chaos but not without exhibiting some kind of pattern, a super-order. If you didn’t know the rules generating the system, you would have to model these structures directly with probabilistic models in order to approximate to their reality. I think the universe is a system like that.
The Wikipedia mentions that some studies were trying to prove that the universe is homogeneous and isotropic, but then in 2013 astronomers found galactic clusters that are much larger than predicted by the current Big Bang model. Even 10 years ago, it was obvious to me that the distribution of galaxies (and of everything else for that matter) could not be entirely random, but the product of a finely tuned chaotic system.
The question you should be asking is, why is this piece of matter in one place and not another. There are vast empty spaces. That means that whatever matter was generated in a place, it is there because it is obeying the fundamental laws (whichever they are) of the universe, while any matter falling on the empty spaces should dissipate, like the orbits of a fractal chaotic system.
This happens across the universe at all scales. A 10 year old tree is not a 10 year old tree, but a 14 billion years old lump of configurable energy, and all of the universe contributed for this branch or that branch to grow (not simply be) in the specific configuration of matter that it is in, and it could not be anywhere or anywhen else. This is part of my understanding for the creation of life.
At this point I don’t think I’m saying anything too crazy, so let’s go for the wild speculation =) I’m going to present a very simple alternative mechanism for the redshifting of galaxies and for unifying quantum mechanics with classical mechanics.
Imagine that the entire Universe is a rotating sphere-like object. This is a spacetime sphere (and our physical wavefunction), with a fractal dimension between 3 and 6. This Universe is made of tightly packed smaller spheres, and these are made of smaller ones until we get to Planck sized spheres. There must be a scale relation between the larger spheres and the smaller ones. Now, at the time of the Big Bang event this Universe did not become, but already existed. Then the Big Bang event was a very large input of energy into the Universe causing the spheres to compress against one another. Previous to the Big Bang, they were compressed to one another, but at an equilibrium.
When you compress a grain material, the compression force does not extend uniformly throughout the whole system, but has to choose where to go, creating a pattern. This is what I think is happening with spacetime. As the spheres compress with the energy running through them they acquire a more dense phase and this mechanism creates all the interactions (strong, weak, electromagnetism, gravity, etc?) and matter. In short what I’m saying is that everything in the universe is just compressed spacetime. We can’t experience the spheres themselves, but rather their compression amount. This is the only way than an energetic event would coalesce galaxies in their places and by virtue of their resulting energy, interact with the smaller spacetime spheres, probably even creating a feedback where, when a galaxy is formed, it will compress spacetime even more but at smaller scales, never at larger scales). One consequence of such universe is that all forces may impact the compression of spacetime, not just gravity.
The structures that are not energetic enough to compress the next spacetime sphere scale will dissipate, this is what galaxies and stars are doing, they are dissipating their energy in the form of electromagnetism, and this will only compress smaller spacetime sphere scales. If a structure is energetic enough, it will dissipate gravitational waves and so on.
At this time, gravitational redshifting has been proven to exist and it seems obvious that the redshifting of galaxies attributed to the expansion of space is a gravitational-like redshifting. The effect can’t be shown to change in direct proportion with distance without saying that the Earth is the center of the Universe, so no, space is not expanding.
Because spacetime has a fixed curvature, a photon coming from a galaxy is actually rotating along the surface of spacetime, and that rotation causes redshifting, so it’s like a gravitational redshift and not a doppler effect from the movement of galaxies.
This Universe always works forward in an universal time dimension which is not the same time dimension(s) in spacetime that are relative to one another according to its compression amount. So, no CPT symmetry of any kind whatsoever. When you move an object it’s always transforming energy. So what is happening now is that spacetime is decompressing. Big Bang is over and the energy is dissipating towards an equilibrium (or towards a dynamic equilibrium), I don’t know if galaxies and matter will cease to exist, but it’s possible that these will stay longer than expected or rest at an equilibrium where the existence of some matter may be possible.
Which brings me to why galaxies are moving faster than light. This decompression probably has an effect on time and if I’m not mistaken, GR only accounts from compression of time not decompression, so they look like they are going at speeds that they aren’t. This could also be at play in quantum particles where time is so compressed for a particle that it seems probabilistic to us. I think that a consequence of this Universe should be that particles, for example an electron are actually taking real paths (I’m not saying the Bohr model, more like a crazy squiggle, string theorists would probably like this) and we just haven’t found a way to measure it correctly, either because we don’t understand its phase or its traversing time-like dimensions that we haven’t been able to find yet.
You got the picture, you probably now know what I think of dark matter, it’s the remainder of energy at that scale that is not forming another galaxy or stars but simply dissipating. Life is the same, it’s remainder of energy that is not capable of forming planets and stars, so it seeps into and transforms smaller scales of spacetime until it writes stuff like this and tries to recreate the universe. This is getting pretty daoistic so it’s a good time to stop.
TLDR, semi-classic elastic relativistic fractal spacetime wavefunction, good luck with the math =)
– Pedro Miranda